RIVER BASIN HISTORY

Effective: 09/04/2013

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 KERSHAW COUNTY: 

 

HISTORY:

 

Kershaw County was named for Joseph Kershaw (1727-1791), an early settler. Originally part of Camden District, Kershaw County was formed in 1791 from parts of Claremont, Lancaster, Fairfield, and Richland counties. The county seat is Camden , which is the oldest inland city in South Carolina. This site was settled around 1732 by English traders and farmers who moved inland from Charleston. During the Revolutionary War the British occupied Camden from June 1780 to May 1781.Fourteen battles took place in the area, including the battle of Camden (August 16, 1780) and the battle of Hobkirk Hill (April 25, 1781). Kershaw County later produced six Confederate generals: Joseph Brevard Kershaw (1822-1894), James Chesnut (1815-1885), James Cantey (1818-1873), Zack Cantey Deas (1819-1882), John Bordenave Villepigue (1830-1862), and John Doby Kennedy (1840-1896). Union troops under General Sherman burned parts of Camden in February 1865. Mary Boykin Chesnut (1823-1886), who chronicled the Civil War in her diaries, was a resident of Kershaw County. Statesman and financier Bernard M. Baruch (1870-1965), labor leader Lane Kirkland (1922-1999), and baseball player Larry Doby (1923-2003) were also born there.  (Submitted by: SC State Library / Mary Morgan, 31-Mar-2008)

 

POPULATED PLACES:

 

Abney Crossroads, Antioch, Barfield Mill, Baxley, Beaver Creek, Bethune, Blaney Hills, Boykin, Branham Heights, Camden, Cantey, Cantys Lane, Cassatt, Cedar Creek, Cedar Springs, Clyburn, Coats Crossroad, Dekalb, Du Bose Park, Dusty Bend, Elgin, Elgin Acres, Elgin Farms, Flat Rock, Four Seasons, Gaston Mill, Gettysburg, Green Valley, Hammond, Hermitage Mill, Hyco, Jordan Mill, Kellytown, Kirkland, Kirkley Mill, Kirkover Hills, Kirkwood, Knights Hill, Lafayette Village, Liberty Hill, Lockhart Oil Field, Lugoff, Mayfield Acres, McCaskill, Meadow View, Minton Mill, Mount Pisgah, Paint Hill, Pecan Grove, Pecan Orchard, Pepper Ridge, Pine Land, Pine Mark, Pine Village, Pinewood Heights, Rabon Crossroads, Red Hill, Robinson Crossroad, Rock Branch North, Sandwood Hills, Shamokin, Shepard, Spears Creek, Spring Lake, Spring Village, Stoneboro, Sumei Circle, Sunnyhill, The Groves, Thunderwoods, Tickle Hill, Tillersville, Warren Crossroads, Warrington, Westville, Windsor Heights, Woodland Forest

 

 

 

 LANCASTER COUNTY: 

 

HISTORY:

 

Lancaster County and its county seat of Lancaster were named for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The county was formed in 1785, and it was originally part of Camden District. A part of Lancaster County was removed in 1791 to form Kershaw County. Scotch-Irish settlers from Pennsylvania began moving into this upstate region in the 1750s. The Waxhaws settlement on the border with North Carolina was the birthplace of President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). During the Revolutionary War British Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton earned his nickname of "Bloody" Tarleton by massacring American troops in this area on May 29, 1780 at the battle of Waxhaws; the battle of Hanging Rock was also fought in the county later the same year. Although Lancaster County has been primarily agricultural, gold mining began there in the 1820s and textile manufacturing sprang up following the Civil War. Governor and U. S. Senator Stephen Decatur Miller (1787-1838), surgeon J. Marion Sims (1813-1883), industrialist Elliott White Springs (1896-1959), and astronaut Charles M. Duke, Jr. were all Lancaster County residents.  (Submitted by: SC State Library / Mary Morgan, 31-Mar-2008)

 

 

POPULATED PLACES:

 

Antioch, Antioch Acres, Anvil Rock, Arrowood Estates, Baker Place, Barberville, Belair, Bell Town, Birdtown, Black Horse Run, Blakley Crossroads, Buford, Camp Cox, Camp Creek, Caskey, Cauthens Crossroads, Cedar Terrace, Colonial Village, Country Club Heights, Crocketts Crossroad, Doctor Sapps Crossroads, Douglas, Dwight Crossroads, Elgin, Elgin Woods, Erwin, Evergreen Acres, Fleming Crossroad, Fork Hill Crossroads, Fosters Crossroads, Gooch Crossroad, Grace, Green Peach Orchard, Hancock, Heath Springs, Irwin, Jones Crossroads, Kennon Heights, Kershaw, Lancaster, Lancaster Mill, Lingles Crossroads, Midway, Midway, Midway Crossroads, New Cut, Oakhurst, Pitmon Crossroad, Pleasant Dale, Pleasant Hill, Pleasant Plain, Pleasant Valley, Primus, Quail Haven, Rich Hill Crossroads, Riverside, Robinwood Estates, Sapps Crossroads, Sherwood Acres, Shiloh, Smoke Rise, Springdale, Springdell, Springs Park, Starmount Acres, Stewart Crossroads, Taxahaw, Tradesville, Union, Unity, Van Wyck, White Bluff Corssroads